For most of the time Indonesians have been savoring their freedom since the fall of Suharto, Filep Karma was a political prisoner in Papua. He was jailed twice for raising the outlawed “Morning Star” flag used by Papuan separatists: once for more than a year in 1998, shortly after the dictator was forced from office, and then for 11 more years in 2004.

At the side of the main drag in the trendy entertainment district of Kemang in Jakarta, Fabri Ardiansyah, 26, recounts how his life has changed since he signed on as a motorcycle taxi driver for a popular ride hailing app about eight months ago.